Under the background of the continuous impact of the international financial crisis on China's economic development, what is the state of survival of Chinese companies in the first quarter? The China Entrepreneurs Survey System conducted a special quick investigation in late March and early April.

According to the report of the People's Daily on the 27th, investigations revealed that falling orders, declines in production and sales, falling prices, and reductions in imports and exports have caused a decline in corporate profits, reduced employment, and a decrease in purchases. Some businesses have encountered difficulties; the impact of a sharp contraction in global demand has affected Large enterprises in the eastern region, small and medium-sized enterprises, and foreign-funded enterprises have great difficulties. The cost pressure on enterprises has decreased significantly, and the financial strain has eased. Business operators expect that corporate profits will improve in the second quarter. Investment in western regions, large-scale enterprises, and state-owned enterprises will increase significantly, and the adverse trends in pharmaceuticals and other industries will stabilize. Domestic demand plays a role. Business operators maintain their confidence in the development of their businesses.

1/4 of the companies are in semi-discontinued status

The survey results show that in the first quarter, some companies are relatively difficult and there are differences between different types of companies. In the first quarter, 21% of the business operators had "good" business conditions, 46.1% said they were "generally", 32.9% said they were "poor", and 11.9% thought they were "bad". Percentage. Judging from different regions, the business conditions in the western region are better than those in the eastern, central and northeast regions; from the perspective of different scales, large-scale enterprises operate better than small and medium-sized enterprises; from different economic types, the state-owned and state-owned holding companies and private enterprises operate The situation is better than foreign investors and Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan investment companies.

In terms of sub-sectors, industries with relatively good operating conditions include agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery, computer services for information transmission and software, and pharmaceuticals, automobiles, communications equipment and instrumentation in the manufacturing industry. They believe that the proportion of “good” companies exceeds 30. %. The mining, chemical, rubber, non-metallic products, steel and other industries have relatively poor operating conditions, and they believe that “poor” companies account for more than 40%.

Judging from the production status of enterprises, 73.7% of the enterprises were under “overloaded production” or “normal operation” in the first quarter, which means that nearly 3/4 of the enterprises’ production status is normal. However, it is worth noting that 25.6% of the enterprises are in semi-discontinued state, which is much higher than the results of previous surveys in various years.

More than half of sales decline

Although the difficulties of enterprises such as labor, rising raw material costs, and capital shortages still plague companies, the impact of the decline in demand on the company’s production and operations has significantly increased and become the biggest challenge facing companies.

Among the companies surveyed, the company's "decrease" in production (service) volume and sales in the first quarter was 55.3% and 59.9%, respectively, and it was deemed that the increase was 15.2% and 16.1%, respectively, which was the lowest since 2004. Level.

The survey shows that the industries with a large decline in sales volume include: textiles, clothing, paper, non-metal products, iron and steel, non-ferrous metals, metal products, general equipment and electrical machinery in the mining, accommodation and catering industries, and manufacturing industries. The ratio of "decrease" is considered to be more than 50 percentage points higher than that of "increased"; while the pharmaceutical industry is relatively good, and the number of companies whose sales volume "increases" is 20 percentage points more than that of "decrease."

From the perspective of different industries, industries with a large decline in production (services) include: leasing and business services, and papermaking, non-metal products, steel, nonferrous metals, general equipment, and electrical machinery in the manufacturing industry. The ratio of "addition" is more than 50 percentage points higher; while the pharmaceutical industry is relatively better, the production (service) volume of "increased" enterprises is 28.2 percentage points higher than the "decrease".

The survey showed that the company's inventory rose slightly due to the lack of demand. According to the data, 60.6% of business operators think that the company’s stock is “normal”, and 15.4% think that it is “less than normal.” The total proportion of the two companies has dropped by 6.5 percentage points from 2008.

At present, companies with more companies inventories include: textiles, chemical fiber, non-metal products, steel and metal products, etc. The proportion of companies with “above normal” stocks exceeds 30%; and food, medicine, plastics, non-ferrous metals, and electrical machinery. The inventory of communications equipment and other industries is relatively low, and the proportion of companies whose stocks are "above normal" is less than 20%.

Entrepreneurs have confidence in the outlook

In the face of the current economic situation and difficulties and challenges in business operations, entrepreneurs said they will take various measures to actively respond to the crisis and maintain confidence in the future business prospects.

When investigating the current “measures that companies should focus on,” the highest proportion of selection is “strengthen management to reduce costs” (81%), while other options are higher: “Increase investment in innovation” (63.7%), “Development "Domestic market" (53.7%) and "Introduced talent" (51.9%). In addition, many companies have chosen to increase training, reduce travel and bonuses to cope with the crisis.

According to the survey results, 18.3% of business operators said they were "very confident", 38% said they were "more confident", 32.7% said they had "some confidence", and 9.7% said they were "not confident". , which means "no confidence" accounted for 1.3%. From this it can be seen that business operators maintain their confidence in the future business development of the company.